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EAF country-report from Poland, October 2004

written by Heinz-Josef Dauck, committee member

 

 

Full speed backwards into the 18th Century - 6 month before integration into EU

 

First months in the EU

Good year for crop production in the most areas of Poland.


Weather

 

Mild winter after average fall. In September and October, we got 50mm Rain each, which filled up our very dry soils. Later in fall and winter relatively dry.

 

Late vegetation start in spring (~14 days)

 

Cold May and July, relatively dry. Time delay at Harvest;
Rape ~6-8 days
Wheat ~4 days
Corn ~8 days

 

Crops

 

Wheat

 

In the area of Lower Silesia high to very high yields. Only in some areas low yield after sugar beets because of leak of water. In extreme, the wheat after corn yielded 2 tons/hectare higher, because the sugar beets took out the rain from 9.and 10.2003!!

During wheat harvest, one off our two combines burned down after a bearing failure. The combine, 2 hectare burning wheat and 20 hectare burning stubble kept 45 Fire fighters busy. There are days less perfect than others. Wheat Quality good, only in the north of Poland sometimes feed quality after rain and harvest delay.

 

Corn

 

Good seeding conditions. Cold stress in May. In July during flowering to dry.

This year also the Corn borer, which we detect with pheromones, had a delay of 12 days. Aerial spraying application with plane and ultra low volume application (10L/hectare) was high effective. Yields in my farm around 8% lower than average. In south- eastern Poland very high yield, in the Posen area and north bad crop because of dry spring and/or low temp. High energy costs effect economics for this crop.

 

  HJ Dauck Saat 22.4.04     Harvest 25.10.04        
  Nord Saat-stärke              
    Seed rate x 1000 /ha Höhe Kolben Höhe Mais cm Feuchte korrigiert Ertrag naß Yield 14%   FAO Nr.
1 PR37D25 70 165 310 35,00% 12.653 9.563 98% >350
2 PR38H67 70 120 276 37,90% 13.692 9.887 102% >290
3 PR38F70 Benicia 70 136 290 35,60% 11.921 8.927 92% 290
4 PR38R92 70 118 262 37,20% 13.512 9.867 102% >290
5 PR38H20 70 112 255 37,40% 13.556 9.867 102% >290
6 PR39D81 80 112 246 33,00% 13.145 10.241 105% 280
7 PR39T84 80 132 282 32,50% 13.721 10.770 111% 260
8 Valuta 80 125 265 31,60% 12.387 9.852 101% 270
9 PR39R86 80 126 264 32,60% 13.070 10.243 105% 260
10 Clarica 80 125 270 33,20% 12.863 9.991 103% 280
11 PR39A37 80 137 290 32,70% 13.709 10.728 110% 250
12 PR39H32 80 96 253 31,20% 13.020 10.416 107% 240
13 PR39G12 80     29,80% 12.310 10.049 103% 230
14 Gazelle 80     31,20% 10.683 8.546 88% 220 wild boar damage
15 Oldham 80     32,20% 11.286 8.898 92% 220 wild boar damage
16 Delitop 80     31,60% 12.399 9.862 101% 240
17 Moncada 80     32,60% 10.687 Data error XXX 250
18 Aerobase 80     32,80% 12.652 9.886 102% 240
19 Eurostar 80     33,30% 12.076 9.366 96% 240
20 DK312 80     33,90% 12.485 9.596 99% 280
21 Lexxor 80     35,00% 12.695 9.595 99% 280
22 LG3226 80     32,80% 11.749 9.180 94% 250
23 Anjou258 80     33,90% 12.465 9.581 99% 260
24 Anjou238 80     32,20% 11.652 9.186 95% 230
25 Anjou248 80     31,90% 11.952 9.464 97% 230
26 Fuxxol 80     31,00% 11.672 9.364 96% 220
                   
  Süd         average 9.717    

Sugar beets

Good growing conditions, during summer and fall to dry. Harvest conditions good+ dry.Expected yield average, sugar yield/hectare average.

Rapeseed

Good seeding conditions, good growing conditions.Yields very high.

New Crops for 2005

Winter Rape and Winter wheat in average condition.

Politics

See 2003 report. In October was the start for a new Ag-Investment Program with subsidy from EU. The Program was build for the years 2004 to 2006. The Program has three important limits. For an investment on the farm the subsidy can be up to 50%. One Farm can get at least ~70.000,-€ until the end of the program in 2006.

Budget for this program allows at least ~8500 farms at maximum subsidy to take place.

Corruption

Still popular, see 2003 report