Skip to main content

EAF country-report from Sweden October 2004

written by Björn Lundberg, committee member

 

 

Cereals

The growing season for crops has in general been rather good in Sweden, with the exceptionof areas in the southern and southwest part of the country, where the drought in the spring wastoo hard for the crops. The rain in the end of June and in July came too late to keep up a normal yield in these areas. However in the middle Sweden the farmers are very satisfied withtheir crops. Yields of winter wheat (mostly milling varieties), is reported around 8 up too 10tons, which is very rare in those areas. In the drought areas the wheat yield was down to 5 tons per hectare.

Harvest began in the first half of August, which is normal, but because of rain periods and some late ripe, it was not finished until late September in many areas. Especially in the south of Sweden there were problems with too low falling numbers on winter wheat and lots of feed wheat instead. The ripe problem and rainfall did even lead to high moisture content and expensive drying.

Malting barley seems to have density problems and too high protein content in general, and oat has also low density. High yields (around 4 tons per hectare) are reported of winter rape, but spring rape ripe became very late and was not so successful.

 

Above normal yield – low price

 

Forecast for the total grain harvest in Sweden predicts a harvest ten percent over the average for the last five years. This is the situation for all cereals without exception. There is probably lots of milling wheat with good quality, doubts whether there is enough of malting barley and oat with acceptable quality.

Grain price is also very low. For good milling wheat the farmers COOP offers ex farm price around 94 € per ton in October. Barley and especially oat price are even worse. If you offer a bigger milling wheat quantity on the market, maybe you can get 110 € per ton ex farm.

 

Autumn drilling

 

Autumn drilling is now finished. A lot of winter rape seems to be sown and is in good shape, but the winter wheat area seems to be below average because of whether problems and too late drilling opportunity in many areas.

 

MTR

 

The MTR-implementation in Sweden is decided to be as a mixed model. Because of that, a lot of money will be transferred from the productive areas to LFA and environmental support.

The acreage subsidy will therefore be reduced with around twenty percent, and there is a big discussion going on how big impact this will have on the cultivated area in Sweden. Some predicts there will be a reduction of forty percent in middle Sweden. It depends of course much on how the cereal price develops in the near future.

The MTR-implementation in Sweden is decided to be as a mixed model. Because of that, a lot of money will be transferred from the productive areas to LFA and environmental support. The acreage subsidy will therefore be reduced with around twenty percent, and there is a big discussion going on how big impact this will have on the cultivated area in Sweden. Some predicts there will be a reduction of forty percent in middle Sweden. It depends of course much on how the cereal price develops in the near future.